cvi42® & cmr42 Publications

LV Function

Ma L, Childs H, Ma M, Clarke J, Cocker MS, Green JD, Strohm O, Friedrich MG
Ex vivo validation of long axis vs. short axis quantification of left ventricular parameters by cardiovascular MR. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2011 Aug 11; 13(1):40.
Fallah-Rad N, Walker JR, Wassef A, Lytwyn M, Bohonis S, Fang T, Tian G, Kirkpatrick IDC, Singal PK, Krahn M, Grenier D, Jassal DS.
The utility of cardiac biomarkers, tissue velocity and strain imaging, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in predicting early left ventricular dysfunction in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor II-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant trastuzumab therapy. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2011; 57:2263–2270.
Juliano Lara Fernandes, Matheus Avelar Silveira, et al.
Ventricular Function and Volume Assessment in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults with Thalassemia Major without Myocardial Iron Overload. Twelfth Annual Scientific Sessions for the Society of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (SCMR). Orlando. FL. January 29 - February 1, 2009.
Manns BJ, Walsh MW, Culleton BF et al.
Nocturnal hemodialysis does not improve overall measures of quality of life compared to conventional hemodialysis. Kidney Int. 2009 Mar;75(5):542-549. Epub 2008 Dec 24. Voehringer M, Sechtem U, Friedrich MG. Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Vascular Biology. Artery Research 2008;2:9-20.
Kristensen KK, Ahtarovski KA, Iversen KK, Thomsen C, Vejlstrup NG, Engstrøm T, Madsen PL.
The decrease of cardiac chamber volumes and output during positive pressure ventilation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jul 26.
Patridge J, Smerup M, Petersen S, Niederer P, Anderson R. Linking left ventricular function and mural architecture: what does the clinician need to know? Heart Online First. 2013 Dec; published online. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2013-304571

Myocardial Infarction/Viability

Moravsky G, Ofek E, Rakowski H, Butany J, Williams L, Ralph-Edwards A, Wintersperger BJ, Crean A.
Myocardial Fibrosis in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Accurate Reflection of Histopathological Findings by CMR. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Apr 5.
Aldrovandi A, De Ridder SPJ, Strohm O, Cocker M, Sandonato R, Friedrich MG.
Detection of papillary muscle infarction by late gadolinium enhancement: incremental value of short-inversion time vs. standard imaging. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012;
Emmanuelle Vermes, MD,1 Helene Childs, BSc,1 Iacopo Carbone, MD,1 Philipp Barckow, MD,2 and Matthias G. Friedrich, MD.
Auto-Threshold Quantification of Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Patients With Acute Heart Disease. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Dec;14(10):856-60.
M. Wagner, R. Schilling, P. Doeblin, A. Huppertz, R. Luhur, C. Schwenke, M. Maurer, B. Hamm, M. Taupitz, T. Durmus
Macrocyclic contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging of chronic myocardial infarction: intraindividual comparison of gadobutrol and gadoterate meglumine. Eur Radiol. 2012.
Durmus T, Schilling R, Doeblin P, Huppertz A, Hamm B, Taupitz M, Wagner M.
Gadobutrol for Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Chronic Myocardial Infarction: Intraindividual Comparison With Gadopentetate Dimeglumine.
Schuster A, Paul M, Bettencourt N, Morton G, Chiribiri A, Ishida M, Hussain S, Jogiya R, Kutty S, Bigalke B, Perera D, Nagel E.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance myocardial feature tracking for quantitative viability assessment in ischemic cardiomyopathy. Int. J. Cardiol. 2011
Schuster A, Paul M, Bettencourt N, Morton G, Chiribiri A, Ishida M, Hussain S, Jogiya R, Kutty S, Bigalke B, Perera D, Nagel E.
Sex differences in myocardial salvage and clinical outcome in patients with acute reperfused ST-elevation myocardial infarction: advances in cardiovascular imaging. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Jan;5(1):119-26. Epub 2011 Oct 25.
Kumar A, Beohar N, Arumana JM, Larose E, Li D, Friedrich MG, Dharmakumar R.
CMR Imaging of Edema in Myocardial Infarction Using Cine Balanced Steady-State Free Precession. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011; 4:1265–1273.
Schuster A, Chiribiri A, Ishida M, Morton G, Paul M, Hussain S, Bigalke B, Perera D, Nagel E:
End-systolic versus end-diastolic late gadolinium enhanced imaging for the assessment of scar transmurality. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2011.
Green JD, Clarke JR, Friedrich MG.
Single-shot SSFP Can Detect Myocardial Edema in Patients: A Feasibility Study. JMRI, in press.
Cocker, MS, Strohm O, Smith DJ, Butler C, Belenkie I, Meeuwisse W, Friedrich MG.
Increased Incidence of Myocardial Fibrosis with Reduced Cardiac Function in Elite High-Endurance Athletes: A Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Study. American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2008. New Orleans, Louisiana.November 8 - 12, 2008.
Cocker MS, Strohm O, Friedrich MG.
Global Early Gadolinium Enhancement in Acute Myocardial Infarction is Associated with LV Dysfunction. Canadian Cardiovascular Congress. Toronto, Ont. October 25 - 29, 2008.
Abdel-Aty H, Cocker MS, Friedrich MG.
Detecting Ischemia Prior to Irreversible Injury. Eleventh Annual Scientific Sessions for the Society of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR). Los Angeles. CA. January 31 - February 3, 2008.
Cocker MS, Strohm O, Friedrich MG.
Early Enhancement, as a Marker of Acuity and Severity of Myocardial Dysfunction, in the Setting of Myocardial Infarction. European Society of Cardiology Congress 2008. Munich, Germany. August 30 - September 03, 2008.


Vermes E, Childs H, Faris P, Friedrich MG.
Predictive value of CMR criteria for LV functional improvement in patients with acute myocarditis. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging. 2014;
Philipp Lurz, MD, PhD; Ingo Eitel, MD; Julia Adam, BSc; Julia Steiner, BSc; Matthias Grothoff, MD; Steffen Desch, MD; Georg Fuernau, MD; Suzanne de Waha, MD; Mahdi Sareban, MD; Christian Luecke, MD; Karin Klingel, MD; Reinhard Kandolf, MD; Gerhard Schuler, MD; Matthias Gutberlet, MD; Holger Thiele, MD
Diagnostic Performance of CMR Imaging Compared With EMB in Patients With Suspected Myocarditis. J Am Coll Cardiol Img. 2012;5(5):513-524.
Myra S. Cocker, Hassan Abdel-Aty, Oliver Strohm, and Matthias G Friedrich
Age and Gender Effects on the Extent of Myocardial Involvement in Acute Myocarditis - A Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Study Heart, Aug 2009; doi:10.1136/hrt.2008.164061
Cocker MS, Abdel-Aty H, Strohm O, Friedrich MG.
Female Gender is Associated with Myocardial Edema in Acute Myocarditis. Canadian Cardiovascular Congress.Toronto, Ont. October 25 - 29, 2008.
Wassmuth R, Göbel U, Natusch A, Schneider W, Kettritz R, Dietz R, Luft FC, Schulz-Menger J.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging detects cardiac involvement in Churg-Strauss syndrome. J Card Fail. 2008 Dec;14(10):856-60.
Matthias G. Friedrich, MD; François Marcotte, MD
Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging. 2013; 6: 833-839; doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.113.000416
Chu GC, Flewitt JA, Mikami Y, Vermes E, Friedrich MG. Assessment of acute myocarditis by cardiovascular MR: diagnostic performance of shortened protocols. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Jun;29(5):1077-83. doi: 10.1007/s10554-013-0189-7. Epub 2013 Feb 13.


James A. White, Nowell M. Fine, Lorne Gula, Raymond Yee, Allan Skanes, George Klein, Peter Leong-Sit, Heather Warren, Terry Thompson, Maria Drangova, and Andrew Krahn
Utility of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance in Identifying Substrate for Malignant Ventricular Arrhythmias. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012;5:12-20
Vermes E, Strohm O, Otmani A, Childs H, Duff H, Friedrich MG.
Impact of the revision of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia task force criteria on its prevalence by CMR criteria. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 Mar;4(3):282-7.
Harrigan CJ, Adabag AS, et al.
Characterization of tissue heterogeneity by contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is a powerful predictor of ventricular tachyarrhythmias on ambulatory holter ECG in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2009, 11(Suppl 1):O20

Valvular Diseases

von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff F, Dieringer MA, Greiser A, Schulz-Menger J.
In vitro assessment of heart valve bioprostheses by cardiovascular magnetic resonance: four-dimensional mapping of flow patterns and orifice area planimetry. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011 Feb 20.
von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff F, Rudolph A, Wassmuth R, Schulz-Menger J.
Assessment of mitral bioprostheses using cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2010 Jun 23;12:36.
Von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff et al.
Feasibility of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance to Assess the Orifice Area of Aortic Bioprostheses. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging (2009) pp. 1-34


Shimada Y, Passeri J, et al.
Effects of Losartan on Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Fibrosis in Patients With Nonobstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2013;1(6):480-487
Eitel et al.
Clinical Characteristics and Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Findings in Stress (Takotsubo) Cardiomyopathy. JAMA 2011;306(3):277—286.
Rudolph A, Abdel-Aty H et al.
Comparison of Gadopentetate dimeglumine and Gadobenate dimeglumine in depiction of nonischemic fibrosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2009, 11(Suppl 1):P259/td>
Cocker MS, Strohm O, Friedrich MG.
Distinguishing Between Fabry's Disease and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy with Early Enhancement. Eleventh Annual Scientific Sessions for the Society of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (SCMR). Los Angeles. CA. January 31 - February 3, 2008.

CMR Image Acquisition

Andreas Gräßl, Lukas Winter, Christof Thalhammer, Wolfgang Renz, Peter Kellman, Conrad Martin, Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Valeriy Tkachenko, Jeanette Schulz-Menger, Thoralf Niendorf
Design, evaluation and application of an eight channel transmit/receive coil array for cardiac MRI at 7.0 T. Eur J Radiol.2011 Sep 13.

T2 Weighted CMR: Edema

Darach O h-Ici1, John P Ridgway, Titus Kuehne, Felix Berger, Sven Plein, Mohan Sivananthan4 and Daniel R Messroghli.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance of myocardial edema using a short inversion time inversion recovery (STIR) black-blood technique: Diagnostic accuracy of visual and semi-quantitative assessment. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance2012, 14:22
Cocker MS, Shea SM, Strohm O, Green J, Abdel-Aty H, Friedrich MG.
A New approach towards improved visualization of myocardial edema using T2-weighted imaging: A cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) study. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011; 34:286–292.
Eitel I, Kubusch K, Strohm O, Desch S, Mikami Y, de Waha S, Gutberlet M, Schuler G, Friedrich MG, Thiele H.
Prognostic value and determinants of a hypointense infarct core in T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance in acute reperfused ST-elevation-myocardial infarction. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011; 4:354–362
Kumar A, Beohar N, Arumana JM, Larose E, Li D, Friedrich MG, Dharmakumar R.
CMR Imaging of Edema in Myocardial Infarction Using Cine Balanced Steady-State Free Precession. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011; 4:1265–1273.
Cocker MS, Strohm O, Green, J, Shea S, Abdel-Aty H, Friedrich MG.
Spectrally Selective Inversion. Recovery-Prepared T2-weighted Imaging. International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Toronto, Ont. May 3 - 9, 2008.
Cocker MS, Strohm O, Green, JD, Shea S, Abdel-Aty H, Friedrich MG.
A New Approach Towards Improved Visualization of Myocardial Edema Using T2- Weighted Imaging - A Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Study. Eleventh Annual Scientific Sessions for the Society of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (SCMR). Los Angeles. CA. January 31 - February 3, 2008.

T2* Weighted CMR: Iron Overload, Hemorrhage

Fernandes JL, Sampaio EF, Verissimo M, Pereira FB, da Silva JA, de Figueiredo GS, Kalaf JM, Coelho OR.
Heart and liver T2* assessment for iron overload using different software programs Eur Radiol 2011 Aug 13.
Kumar A, Green JD, Sykes JM, Ephrat P, Carson JJL, Mitchell AJ, Wisenberg G, Friedrich MG.
Detection and Quantification of Myocardial Reperfusion Hemorrhage Using T2*-Weighted CMR. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011; 4:1274–1283

T1 Mapping: Edema and Fibrosis

Kali A, Cokic I, Tang RLQ, Yang HJ, Sharif B, Marban E, Li D, Berman DS, Dharmakumar R.
Determination of Location, Size, and Transmurality of Chronic Myocardial Infarction Without Exogenous Contrast Media by Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 3 T. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014;7:471–481.
Messroghli DR, Nordmeyer S, Dietrich T, Dirsch O, Kaschina E, Savvatis K, O h-Ici D, Klein C, Berger F, Kuehne T.
Assessment of diffuse myocardial fibrosis in rats using small-animal Look-Locker inversion recovery T1 mapping. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011; 4:636–640.
Messroghli DR, Nordmeyer S, Buehrer M, Kozerke S, Dietrich T, Kaschina E, Becher PM, Hucko T, Berger F, Klein C, Kuehne T.
Small Animal Look-Locker Inversion Recovery (SALLI) for Simultaneous Generation of Cardiac T1 Maps and Cine and Inversion Recovery-prepared Images at High Heart Rates: Initial Experience. Radiology. 2011 Jul 25.

Perfusion Analysis

Daniel Tobler, Manish Motwani, Rachel M Wald, Susan L Roche, Flavia Verocai, Robert M Iwanochko, John P Greenwood, Erwin N Oechslin and Andrew M Crean:
Evaluation of a comprehensive cardiovascular magnetic resonance protocol in young adults late after the arterial switch operation for d-transposition of the great arteriesJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2014, 16:98
Ishida M, Schuster A, Morton G, Chiribiri A, Hussain S, Paul M, Merkle N, Steen H, Lossnitzer D, Schnackenburg B, Alfakih K, Plein S, Nagel E:
Development of a universal dual-bolus injection scheme for the quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2011, 13:28

BOLD (Blood Oxygen Level Dependent)

Guensch DP, Fischer K, Flewitt JA, Friedrich MG.
Impact of Intermittent Apnea on Myocardial Tissue Oxygenation - A Study Using Oxygenation-Sensitive Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8:e53282.
Beaudin AE, Brugniaux JV, Vohringer M, Flewitt J, Green JD, Friedrich MG, Poulin MJ.
Cerebral and myocardial blood flow responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia in humans. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011; 301:H1678–86.
Vohringer M, Flewitt JA, Green JD, Dharmakumar R, Wang J, Tyberg JV, Friedrich MG.
Oxygenation-sensitive CMR for assessing vasodilator-induced changes of myocardial oxygenation. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2010;12:20. doi: 10.1186/1532-429X-12-20
Green JD, Voehringer M, et al:
Cine-EPI can be used to detect coronary artery stenoses in canines. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2009, 11(Suppl 1):P106
Flewitt JA, Vöhringer M, Friedrich MG.
Assessment of transmural perfusion effect with Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging (BOLD-CMR). Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2009, 11(Suppl 1):P287

Tissue Tracking

Morton G, Schuster A, Jogiya R, Kutty S, Beerbaum P, Nagel E.
Inter-study reproducibility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance myocardial feature tracking. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance; 2012 Jun 21;14(1):1–1.
Schuster A, Stahnke V-C, Unterberg-Buchwald C, Kowallick JT, Lamata P, Steinmetz M, et al.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature-tracking assessment of myocardial mechanics: Intervendor agreement and considerations regarding reproducibility. Clin Radiol. 2015 Sep;70(9):989–98.


Walcher T, Steinbach P, Spieß J, Kunze M, Gradinger R, Walcher D, Bernhardt P.
Detection of long-term progression of myocardial fibrosis in Duchenne muscular dystrophy in an affected family: A cardiovascular magnetic resonance study. Eur J Radiol. 2010 Aug 2
Walker J, Bhullar N, Fallah-Rad N, Lytwyn M, Golian M, Fang T, Summers AR, Singal PK, Barac I, Kirkpatrick ID, Jassal DS.
Role of three-dimensional echocardiography in breast cancer: comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography, multiple-gated acquisition scans, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Jul 20;28(21):3429-36
Silva MC, Magalhães TA, Meira ZMA, Rassi CHRE, Andrade ACDS, Gutierrez PS, Azevedo CF, Gurgel-Giannetti J, Vainzof M, Zatz M, Kalil-Filho R, Rochitte CE.
Myocardial Fibrosis Progression in Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Cardiol. Published online December 07, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.4801

Reference Publications


Standardized image interpretation and post processing in cardiovascular magnetic resonance: Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) board of trustees task force on standardized post processing.
Schulz-Menger J, Bluemke DA, Bremerich J, Flamm SD, Fogel MA, Friedrich MG, et al. Vol. 15, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. BioMed Central Ltd; 2013. p. 35.
Assessment of Myocardial Fibrosis With Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Nathan Mewton, MD, PhD; Chia Ying Liu, PhD; Pierre Croisille, MD, PhD; et al. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;57(8):891-903. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2010.11.013.
Canadian Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CanSCMR) Recommendations for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Image Analysis and Reporting.
Friedrich MG, Larose E, Patton D, Dick A, Merchant N, Paterson I. Can J Cardiol. 2012
Effects of papillary muscles and trabeculae on left ventricular quantification: increased impact of methodological variability in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy.
Janik M, Cham MD, Ross MI, et al. J Hypertens 2008;26:1677-85.
ACCF/ACR/SCCT/SCMR/ASNC/NASCI/SCAI/SIR 2006 appropriateness criteria for cardiac computed tomography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Quality Strategic Directions Committee Appropriateness Criteria Working Group, American College of Radiology, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, North American Society for Cardiac Imaging, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Interventional Radiology
Hendel RC, Patel MR, Kramer CM, Poon M, Carr JC, Gerstad NA, Gillam LD, Hodgson JM, Kim RJ, Lesser JR, Martin ET, Messer JV, Redberg RF, Rubin GD, Rumsfeld JS, Taylor AJ, Weigold WG, Woodard PK, Brindis RG, Douglas PS, Peterson ED, Wolk MJ, Allen JM: J Am Coll Cardiol 2006, 48:1475-1497
Clinical indications for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR): Consensus Panel report
Pennell DJ, Sechtem UP, Higgins CB, Manning WJ, Pohost GM, Rademakers FE, van Rossum AC, Shaw LJ, Yucel EK: Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2004, 6:727-765
Consensus recommendations of the German Radiology Society (DRG), the German Cardiac Society (DGK) and the German Society for Pediatric Cardiology (DGPK) on the Use of Cardiac Imaging with Computed Tomography
S. Achenbach, J. Barkhausen, M. Beer, P. Beerbaum, T. Dill, J. Eichhorn, S. Fratz, M. Gutberlet, M. Hoffmann, A. Huber, P. Hunold, C. Klein, G. Krombach, K.-F. Kreitner, T. Kühne, J. Lotz, D. Maintz, H. Marholdt, N. Merkle, D. Messroghli, S. Miller, I. Paetsch, P. Radke, H. Steen, H. Thiele, S. Sarikouch, R: ; Der Kardiologe 2012/2 and Magnetic Resonance Imaging;5
ACCF/ACR/AHA/NASCI/SCMR 2010 Expert Consensus Document on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Expert Consensus Documents
W. Gregory Hundley, David A. Bluemke, J. Paul Finn, Scott D. Flamm, Mark A. Fogel, Matthias G. Friedrich, Vincent B. Ho, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Christopher M. Kramer, Warren J. Manning, Manesh Patel, Gerald M. Pohost, Arthur E. Stillman, Richard D. White, and Pamela K. Woodard: J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2010;55;2614-2662; originally published online May 17 2010;
ACCF 2008 Recommendations for Training in Adult Cardiovascular Medicine Core Cardiology Training (COCATS 3)
Task Force 12: Training in Advanced Cardiovascular Imaging (Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance [CMR]): Endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Friedrich MG, Sechtem U, Schulz-Menger J, Holmvang G, Alakija P, Cooper LT, White JA, Abdel-Aty H, Gutberlet M, Prasad S, Aletras A, Laissy JP, Paterson I, Filipchuk NG, Kumar A, Pauschinger M, Liu P; International Consensus Group on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance in Myocarditis
A JACC White Paper. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:1475-87.

Long Axis Analysis

Task Force 12: Training in Advanced Cardiovascular Imaging (Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance [CMR]): Endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Timothy N. Bloomer, MRCP,* Sven Plein, MD et al. Cine MRI Using Steady State Free Precession in the Radial Long Axis Orientation is a fast accurate method for obtaining volumetric data of the left ventricle. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2001;14:685–692

Wall Thickening/ Wall Motion

Plein et al. Steady-state free precession magnetic resonance imaging of the heart: comparison with segmented k-space gradient-echo imaging. Journal of magnetic resonance imaging. JMRI 2001;14:230–236

SAX Analysis

Holger Thiele, Ingo Paetsch et al. Improved Accuracy of Quantitative Assessment of Left Ventricular Volume and Ejection Fraction by Geometric Models with Steady-State Free Precession. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2002; 4(3):327–339

Tissue Characterization

Influence of phase correction of late gadolinium enhancement images on scar signal quantification in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy
John Stirrat, Sebastien Xavier Joncas, Michael Salerno, Maria Drangova and James White
Characterizing Myocardial Edema and Hemorrhage Using Quantitative T2 and T2* Mapping at Multiple Time Intervals Post ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
Zia MI, Ghugre NR, Connelly KA, Strauss BH, Sparkes JD, Dick AJ, Wright GA. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012;
Matthias Gutberlet, MD, Birgit Spors et al. Suspected Chronic Myocarditis at Cardiac MR: Diagnostic Accuracy and Association with Immunohistologically Detected Inflammation and Viral Persistence. Radiology 2008;10.1148/radiol.2461062179


Taigang He, Peter D. Gatehouse, Paul Kirk, Raad H. Mohiaddin, Dudley J. Pennell and David N. Firmin Myocardial T*2 Measurement in Iron-Overloaded Thalassemia: An Ex Vivo Study to Investigate Optimal Methods of Quantification Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 60:350–356 (2008)

T1 Mapping

Leah Iles, Heinz Pfluger, Arintaya Phrommintikul, Joshi Cherayath, Pelin Aksit, Sandeep N. Gupta,,David M. Kaye, Andrew J. Taylor Evaluation of Diffuse Myocardial Fibrosis in Heart Failure With Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Contrast-Enhanced T1 Mapping, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.06.049
Moon JC, Messroghli DR, Kellman P, Piechnik SK, Robson MD, Ugander M, Gatehouse PD, Arai AE, Friedrich MG, Neubauer S, Schulz-Menger J, Schelbert EB. Myocardial T1 mapping and extracellular volume quantification: a Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) and CMR Working Group of the European Society of Cardiology consensus statement. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2013;:1–24.


Vivian S. Lee, Charles E. Spritzer et al. Flow Quantification Using FastCine Phase-Contrast MR Imaging, Conventional Cine Phase-ContrastMR Imaging, and Doppler Sonography: In Vitro and In Vivo Validation. AJR 1997;169:112ı-1131